22. Ho-Ho-HOHPLs
or a Horizontal 80-Meter Multi-Band Loop Data Compendium

L. B. Cebik, W4RNL

The horizontally oriented, horizontally polarized 1 wavelength loop (at the lowest frequency of operation) (HOHPL) has become a fairly popular multi-band antenna. It has an advantage over the single wire that is 1/2 wavelength long at its lowest frequency of operation. Each side of the loop is only half as long as the doublet. But the loop also has a disadvantage: it requires 4 supports rather than 2. Which works better for a given ham location is something that only a careful survey of available land and supports will tell for certain. What can be done is to provide a compendium of patterns for a multi-band loop, similar to those provided in past episode for the 135' doublet, the 102' doublet, the OCF, and the 135' end-fed wire. Therefore, I modeled an 80-meter HOHPL, 70' on a side, using #12 copper wire. This length, when elevated 35' off the ground, was approximately resonant at 3.5 MHz.

The next question was where to feed the square. There are two reasonable locations: at a corner or midway along one side. Since the resulting patterns can be very different on some bands, there was no choice but to model the antenna both ways.

Also modeled is a corner-fed (no phase line) N4PC loop at 50.7' per side. The N4PC loop is to the 102' G5RV what the 80-meter loops is to the 135' doublet. It has different patterns and somewhat higher elevation angles of maximum radiation than the larger loop.

Although the HOHPL is a cloud-burner on 80 meters--like almost all low-level horizontal antennas--the performance on bands above the fundamental makes it very competitive among multi-band wires. An especially interesting feature is that the feedpoint impedance for either configuration is quite manageable on all bands. The resistive part of the impedance tops out at about 400 ohms, while only on 30 meters does the reactance exceed 200 ohms. With either 300-ohm or 450-ohm parallel transmission line, the antenna tuning unit (ATU) should have little difficulty establishing a match. The N4PC is only a little more of a matching challenge for the ATU.

As always, the patterns are typical, but not precise, since modeling cannot reproduce the terrain and ground clutter of any given station. Feedpoint impedances are likewise ballpark numbers.

80 Meters: 3.6 MHz

Corner-Fed: Z = 70 + j25 Ohms
Side-Fed: Z = 65 + j25 Ohms
N4PC Corner-Fed: Z = 40 - j1215 Ohms

40 Meters: 7.1 MHz

Corner-Fed: Z = 85 - j100 Ohms
Side-Fed: Z = 260 + j80 Ohms
N4PC Corner-Fed: Z = 4060 + j1640 Ohms

30 Meters: 10.1 MHz

Corner-Fed: Z = 360 - j560 Ohms
Side-Fed: Z = 280 - j535 Ohms
N4PC Corner-Fed: Z = 105 + j25 Ohms

20 Meters: 14.1 MHz

Corner-Fed: Z = 285 - j120 Ohms
Side-Fed: Z = 265 - j165 Ohms
N4PC Corner-Fed: Z = 270 - j570 Ohms

17 Meters: 18.1 MHz

Corner-Fed: Z = 370 + j205 Ohms
Side-Fed: Z = 405 + j175 Ohms
N4PC Corner-Fed: Z = 780 - j1165 Ohms

15 Meters: 21.1 MHz

Corner-Fed: Z = 240 - j105 Ohms
Side-Fed: Z = 405 - j125 Ohms
N4PC Corner-Fed: Z = 575 + j810 Ohms

12 Meters: 24.95 MHz

Corner-Fed: Z = 325 + j100 Ohms
Side-Fed: Z = 370 + j35 Ohms
N4PC Corner-Fed: Z = 345 + j180 Ohms

10 Meters: 28.1 MHz

Corner-Fed: Z = 215 - j145 Ohms
Side-Fed: Z = 245 - j180 Ohms
N4PC Corner-Fed: Z = 450 - j725 Ohms

Updated 10-01-2000. © L. B. Cebik, W4RNL. Data may be used for personal purposes, but may not be reproduced for publication in print or any other medium without permission of the author.

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